Q: What is God?
A: God is a spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable, in his being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness and truth.
Have you ever asked the question, “Why do I exist?” Some have asked that as an existential question, a question of purpose: “For what purpose do I exist?” But still others may have a different meaning behind that question. Instead of asking this question in regard to our purpose, they ask it in terms of bare existence: “Why do I have the quality of existence? How do I exist?” They may expand this question to include all of that which exists: “Why is there something rather than nothing? How is there anything in existence?” The question of how there is being instead of non-being is a crucial question not only in theology, but also philosophy and science, and touches also on how we are to understand God’s being.
Many scientists answer the question of existence in terms of a “big bang.” At one time, there was a singularity, an infinitely dense point in which all matter in the universe was stacked. From which point, this singularity suddenly went “Bang!” The result of this spontaneous, violent expansion was that all space, time, matter, and energy was brought into existence. Yet how or why this singularity suddenly became disrupted and formed into the known universe is never discussed really. In fact, an answer to that question would cause problems to the theory of a singularity itself: if everything that exists has as its origin this singularity, then nothing outside of it could have triggered its expansion since nothing exists outside of the singularity. Also, if the singularity was internally stable enough to exist in the first place, what possibly could have caused an internal instability to cause the big bang? Further, the question of existence can also be asked of this singularity: “How does this singularity itself have existence?” One is left with more questions than answers when it comes to The Big Bang Theory.
Yet Scripture gives us a different paradigm for understanding how it is there is existence as opposed to non-existence: God brought us into existence. God created the heavens and the earth (Gen. 1:1). Prior to the existence of the universe, there was God. By God’s speaking, He brought the universe into being (Psalm 148:5). Why do I exist? Because God created me. How is it that the universe exists? Because the One outside of and independent of the universe brought it into being.
But, one might ask, who made God? To what does God owe His existence? There answer is simple: nothing. God depends upon nothing and no one for His existence. His existence is independent of all things, and, as such, His existence is necessary for the existence of everything else. Without such an independent, necessarily existing Being, nothing else would exist. He is the uncreated, independent Creator, and we are His created, dependent creatures.
God has being; He has existence, and it is an existence that is necessary. All other existence is contingent upon His existence. Without God’s existence, I wouldn’t be sitting at my desk at my computer in my office writing this article because my desk, my computer, my office, and I myself wouldn’t exist. Without God’s existence, you wouldn’t exist to read this article. “In Him we live and move and have our being” (Acts 17:28).